I assure you, most solemnly I tell you, the person whose ears are open to My words [who listens to My message] and believes and trusts in and clings to and relies on Him Who sent Me has (possesses now) eternal life. And he does not come into judgment [does not incur sentence of judgment, will not come under condemnation], but he HAS ALREADY passed over out of death into life. (AMP)
The Greek term for “judgment” in vv. 24 and 29 is krisis, the noun form of the verb krinō, “to judge, to divide, to assess, to decide.” The literal meaning is “to sift and separate” as one does in order to isolate the components of a mixture.
His point is to AVOID JUDGEMENT ALTOGETHER … through belief (v. 24).
Primary use is metaphorical in the sense of “sifting through the details to arrive at a conclusion. C.S.